Porcelain is made from a type of clay called kaoline (or better known as china clay) which in its natural state is a soft, white powder. It is created by the decomposition of rock that contains feldspar. Kaoline can be moulded into a desired shape when water is applied and then fired to achieve porcelain. The material is easy to maintain and has a low absorption rate. Combined with an elegant design, porcelain is a favored choice of material for homeowners and commercial application.  

Typical Uses of Porcelain:

Indoor:

Kitchen countertop:  Porcelain has a low level of porosity and high resistance to acid. This practicality, combined with an elegant appearance makes it a popular choice for kitchen countertops.  

Floors: kitchen and bathroom porcelain tiles are selected because they require little maintenance which will save money and time, especially important for commercial bathrooms and kitchens. Porcelain is less porous than most natural stones, which means the material will not stain easily, another benefit of using porcelain tiles for flooring.

Finishes:

  • Polished: The surface has a glossy, reflective finish.  
  • Honed: The surface is a smooth finish with no gloss. 

Common Problems of Porcelain

Stains

Although different types of Porcelain may range in porosity any stain left on the surface will eventually be absorbed into the material. The type of finish on a Porcelain surface can also impact on the level of staining. Polished porcelain is more likely to be stained than other finishes. This is because polishing the stone increases the material’s pore size, resulting in a higher water absorption rate. The grout lines surrounding porcelain tiles are usually more at risk of staining. They are extremely porous and therefore take in more water and oil than the porcelain tile. 

Dry-Treat™ has a number of products that can protect against staining and remove those difficult deep stains. 

  • STAIN-PROOF™ Original provides superior water and oil repellency, which will help prevent staining from food and liquid spills on all granite surfaces.  The invisible, impregnating sealer permanently bonds to the pores of granite through a chemical reaction. This means a treated surface will not be affected by traffic, exposure to UV radiation or commercial cleaning processes.   
  • Oxy-Klenza™, part of Dry-Treat’s HANAFINN™ range is perfectly suited for removing stubborn stains. The powerful, oxygen based cleaner can be made into a closed poultice which can remove stains that have had time to sink into dense stones such as granite. Refer to our maintenance guide for how to apply a closed poultice to a stain.  

Mold

There are thousands of species of fungi that can be classified as mold. Molds are highly resilient organisms which can survive in almost any environment but damp or humid areas are where it thrives. This means that mold can be grow on your material indoors and outdoors. The fungi can not only ruin a porcelain surface but it also has health risks. The effects of exposure can range from mild eye and skin irritation to severe lung infections. 

Although mold can live in a range of climates, it cannot survive without water.  Applying an impregnating sealer like STAIN-PROOF Original™ to your porcelain surface can significantly reduce the amount of water absorbed, inhibiting the growth of mold, moss, mildew and other biofilms. 

Protecting your porcelain surfaces

For protection against stains, efflorescence and the enhancement of porcelain surfaces:

For natural look:

STAIN-PROOF™ Original - 2 coats

For protection against water and oil-based stains and efflorescence we recommend using STAIN-PROOF™ Original. The sealer’s deep penetration into the pores of your material will provide superior water and oil repellency. This will stop food and liquid spills from causing permanent staining and significantly reduce the formation of efflorescence. STAIN-PROOF™ Original creates a chemical bond inside the pores, permanently becoming part of your material. 

 

META-CRÈME™ - 1 coat

For indoor applications, we recommend using META CRÈME™ for protection against water and oil-based stains and efflorescence. The ultra-low VOC sealer chemically bonds to the lining of a material’s pore structure, providing permanent protection. META CRÈME™ deeply penetrates into the pores which creates an excellent water and oil repelling barrier. This sealer is easier to apply, requiring only 1 coat, and is suitable for smooth surfaces.


For enhanced look

INTENSIFIA™ - 2 coats

For superior color enhancement of a surface whilst providing protection against water and oil-based stains, we recommend using INTENSIFIA™.



Maintaining your porcelain surfaces

For everyday and heavy-duty cleaning of your porcelain surfaces: 

Maintenance is an important part of owning a natural stone or other hard porous surface. Being diligent about the condition of your surface can minimize the need for regular, heavy-duty cleaning. There are a few simple actions that can be taken such as:

  • Wiping up spills as soon as possible.
  • Regularly washing down areas such as pool surrounds with fresh water after use.
  • Using walk on/walk off mats and vacuuming can reduce the amount of grit on a surface. 

For outdoor cleaning:

Oxy-Klenza™

For regular outdoor cleaning of organic stains such as grease, motor oil, mold, plant and animal waste Oxy-Klenza™ can be used. Oxy-Klenza™ is a powerful triple action outdoor cleaner and stain remover for natural stone and other hard porous surfaces. The oxygen, alkaline and detergent based cleaner breaks down organic stains and soiling.

For indoor cleaning:

Rejuvenata™ ACTIVE

For regular indoor cleaning of organic stains such as oil, mold and food grime Rejuvenata ACTIVE™ can be used. The powerful active enzyme cleaner concentrate is specially designed for natural stone and other hard surfaces.

For countertop cleaning:

Rejuvenata™ for countertops

Countertops are a key feature of any kitchen. It can be a space for food preparation, dining and even acting as a second table. For this reason porous natural stone countertops usually need to be cleaned daily.

Rejuvenata™ spray for countertops is a pH neutral cleaner specially designed for natural stone countertops. The everyday cleaner is food safe and contains a tiny amount of invisible sealer to increase protection from staining. Rejuvenata™ spray’s mild, natural citrus scent provides a refreshing aroma.

 

Other Surfaces :

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